The Basics of Distillation:
This training paper focuses on subjects including a definition of distillation, the various states of aggregation, the boiling point, the dependence of the boiling temperature on pressure, the heat of vaporization, the heat transmission during boiling and condensation, the boiling of liquids, bumping and the separation of mixtures. There are multiple pictures included to reinforce the explanations and descriptions.
Distillation with a Rotary Evaporator:
This training paper focuses on subjects including what is a rotary evaporator, how to select the right rotary evaporator, different Rotavapor® models, the heating bath, heat transfer medium, glass assemblies, choosing between the rotary evaporator RE or EL, special accessories that are available, working with the rotary evaporator, heating and cooling, pressure control, evaporating flask and rotation, the thermal pump and how to distill on the rotary evaporator. There are many illustrations included to reinforce the explanations and descriptions of the various processes and products involved.
Distillation and the Environment:
This training paper focuses on subjects including an introduction, optimal parameters for environmentally friendly rotary evaporation, the selection of vacuum and temperature, the choice of set-up and equipment and the physical processes during distillation. There are various illustrations and pictures included to reinforce the explanations and descriptions of the various processes involved.
Please visit our Evaporation Training Papers page to find out more information and download the individual papers.